Philosophy category

the republic

وصف كتاب the republic: Again, Plato may be regarded as the ’captain’ (’arhchegoz’) or leader of a goodly band of followers; for in the Republic is to be found the original of Cicero’s De Republica, of St. Augustine’s City of God, of the Utopia of Sir Thomas More, and of the numerous other imaginary States which are framed upon the same model. The extent to which Aristotle or the Aristotelian school were indebted to him in the Politics has been little recognised, and the recognition is the more necessary because it is not made by Aristotle himself. The two philosophers had more in common than they were conscious of; and probably some elements of Plato remain still undetected in Aristotle. In English philosophy too, many affinities may be traced, not only in the works of the Cambridge Platonists.

published on 14-02-2020 - 76 views
Ainsi parlait Zarathoustra

À l'origine, Zarathoustra est un prophète perse qui vécut au Ve av. J.-C., et qui a créé le zoroastrisme. Il est le premier prophète à considérer l'univers avant tout comme un combat entre le bien et le mal. À trente ans, Zarathoustra décide de s’isoler dans la montagne afin de méditer. Au bout de dix ans, il quitte sa solitude et descend de la montagne à la rencontre des hommes pour leur transmettre son enseignement. Traversant la forêt, il rencontre un vieil ermite pieux avec qui il discute, mais il évite de lui révéler que dieu est mort pour ne pas le déstabiliser dans sa foi. Au terme de la discussion, le vieil homme lui demande de retourner dans sa solitude. Zarathoustra n’en tient pas compte et poursuit son chemin jusqu’à une ville où il s’adresse à une foule.

published on 12-02-2020 - 21 views
من أجل التغيير

من أجل التغيير مؤلف الكتاب: مالك بن نبى لغة الكتاب: العربية عدد المجلدات: 1 مجلد عدد الصفحات: 144 صفحة حجم الكتاب: 1.98 MB ملف الكتاب: PDF

published on 10-02-2020 - 48 views
ميلاد مجتمع الجزء الأول_ شبكة العلاقات الإجتماعية

ميلاد مجتمع الجزء الأول: شبكة العلاقات الإجتماعية مؤلف الكتاب: مالك بن نبى لغة الكتاب: العربية عدد المجلدات: 1 مجلد عدد الصفحات: 111 صفحة حجم الكتاب: 1.74 MB ملف الكتاب: PDF

published on 10-02-2020 - 36 views
إنتاج المستشرقين وأثره في الفكر الإسلامي الحديث

إنتاج المستشرقين وأثره في الفكر الإسلامي الحديث مؤلف الكتاب: مالك بن نبى قسم الكتاب: القسم العام لغة الكتاب: العربية عدد المجلدات: 1 مجلد عدد الصفحات: 50 صفحة حجم الكتاب: 617.7 KB

published on 10-02-2020 - 47 views
The Butterfly and the Diving Bell

This is a book which expresses a life philosophy written as an entirely improvisational style not unlike automatic writing of the 19th century. I plugged into a spiritual force Tai Chi masters use (as I am one) to channel chi which is the mystical will of the universe discovered first by the Chinese and is an act of a wounding by God that makes us remember things, remember who we are. Happy reading. Cheers!

published on 08-02-2020 - 44 views
The Autobiography of Charles Darwin

The daring and restless mind, the integrity and simplicity of Darwin's character are revealed in this direct and personal account of his life—his family, his education, his explorations of the natural world, his religion and philosophy. Charles Darwin's Autobiography was first published in 1887, five years after his death. It was a bowdlerized edition: Darwin's family, attempting to protect his posthumous reputation, had deleted all the passages they considered too personal or controversial. Here you can enjoy the complete edition.

published on 30-01-2020 - 59 views
PROPOSED ROADS TO FREEDOM

SOCIALISM, like everything else that is vital, is rather a tendency than a strictly definable body of doctrine. A definition of Socialism is sure either to include some views which many would regard as not Socialistic, or to exclude others which claim to be included. But I think we shall come nearest to the essence of Socialism by defining it as the advocacy of communal ownership of land and capital. Communal ownership may mean ownership by a democratic State, but cannot be held to include ownership by any State which is not democratic. Communal ownership may also be understood, as Anarchist Communism understands it, in the sense of ownership by the free association of the men and women in a community without those compulsory powers which are necessary to constitute a State. Some Socialists expect communal ownership to arrive suddenly and completely by a catastrophic revolution, while others expect it to come gradually, first in one industry, then in another. Some insist upon the necessity of

published on 30-01-2020 - 61 views
PROPOSED ROADS TO FREEDOM

SOCIALISM, like everything else that is vital, is rather a tendency than a strictly definable body of doctrine. A definition of Socialism is sure either to include some views which many would regard as not Socialistic, or to exclude others which claim to be included. But I think we shall come nearest to the essence of Socialism by defining it as the advocacy of communal ownership of land and capital. Communal ownership may mean ownership by a democratic State, but cannot be held to include ownership by any State which is not democratic. Communal ownership may also be understood, as Anarchist Communism understands it, in the sense of ownership by the free association of the men and women in a community without those compulsory powers which are necessary to constitute a State. Some Socialists expect communal ownership to arrive suddenly and completely by a catastrophic revolution, while others expect it to come gradually, first in one industry, then in another. Some insist upon the necessity of

published on 30-01-2020 - 68 views
THE PROBLEM OF CHINA

A European lately arrived in China, if he is of a receptive and reflective disposition, finds himself confronted with a number of very puzzling questions, for many of which the problems of Western Europe will not have prepared him. Russian problems, it is true, have important affinities with those of China, but they have also important differences; moreover they are decidedly less complex. Chinese problems, even if they affected no one outside China, would be of vast importance, since the Chinese are estimated to constitute about a quarter of the human race. In fact, however, all the world will be vitally affected by the development of Chinese affairs, which may well prove a decisive factor, for good or evil, during the next two centuries. This makes it important, to Europe and America almost as much as to Asia, that there should be an intelligent understanding of the

published on 30-01-2020 - 55 views
The Analysis of Mind

There are certain occurrences which we are in the habit of calling "mental." Among these we may take as typical BELIEVING and DESIRING. The exact definition of the word "mental" will, I hope, emerge as the lectures proceed; for the present, I shall mean by it whatever occurrences would commonly be called mental. I wish in these lectures to analyse as fully as I can what it is that really takes place when we, e.g. believe or desire. In this first lecture I shall be concerned to refute a theory which is widely held, and which I formerly held myself: the theory that the essence of everything mental is a certain quite peculiar something called "consciousness," conceived either as a relation to objects, or as a pervading quality of psychical phenomena. The reasons which I shall give against this theory will be mainly derived from previous authors. There are two sorts of reasons, which will divide my lecture into two parts: (1) Direct reasons, derived from analysis and its difficulties; (2) Indirect reasons, derived from observation of animals (comparative psychology) and of the insane and hysterical (psycho-analysis).

published on 30-01-2020 - 65 views
The Problems of Philosophy

Bertrand Russell attempts to create a brief and accessible guide to the problems of philosophy. Focusing on problems he believes will provoke positive and constructive discussion, Russell concentrates on knowledge rather than metaphysics. A lively and still one of the best introductions to philosophy, this book pays off both a closer reading for students and specialists, and a casual reading for the general public.

published on 30-01-2020 - 64 views
The analects of confucius

The Analects (Chinese: 論語; pinyin: Lúnyǔ; Old Chinese: [r]u[n] ŋ(r)aʔ; literally "Selected Sayings", also known as the Analects of Confucius, is an ancient Chinese book composed of a collection of sayings and ideas attributed to the Chinese philosopher Confucius and his contemporaries.

published on 13-01-2020 - 87 views
اللذة الغامضة للاشيء

دراسة موجزة تجمع بين الوجودية والأنثربولوجيا والسايكولوجيا، وتناقش الوجود البشري، والتجربة الاجتماعية، والانعزالية، وغيرها من الموضوعات المرتبطة بالإنسان، والمؤثرة علي كيانه. هذا الكتاب من تأليف معتز عرفان و حقوق الكتاب محفوظة لصاحبها

published on 13-01-2020 - 100 views
رحلتى من الشك الى الايمان

في هذا الكتاب يستعرض لنا الدكتور مصطفى محمود رحلته التي مر بها والتحول الفكري العظيم الذي عاشه مهتديًا إلى الإسلام. فيحكي لنا تفاصيل هذه الرحلة العظيمة، وتنقله بين الأدب والفلسفة والتاريخ والأديان والمذاهب وغير ذلك. فيناقش في الفصل الأول قضية هامة وهى الأساس الذي يبنى عليه كل ما بعده وهو وجود الله وحاجة الإنسان إلى وجود خالق، ويفصل هذه القضية بشكل دقيق. ثم يناقش بعد ذلك قضية أزلية الوجود، وهل كان قبل الكون عدم قديم لا بداية له أم ماذا، ويتطرق للتفصيلات الشائكة والدقيقة لهذه القضية. ثم ينتقل منها للحديث عن مسألة الجسد والروح حتى يختتم بالحديث عن المسيخ الدجال والثورة التكنولوجية التي يشهدها العالم والعلاقة بينهما كما يراها المؤلف. والكتاب ماتع وبليغ ورحلة شيقة يعيشها القارئ مع الدكتور مصطفى محمود.

published on 13-01-2020 - 87 views
Du contrat social ou Principes du droit politique

Du contrat social ou Principes du droit politique est un ouvrage de philosophie politique pensé et écrit par Jean-Jacques Rousseau, publié en 1762. C'est une analyse de la relation contractuelle pour tout gouvernement légitime, de telle sorte que soient articulés les principes de justice et d’utilité, afin de concilier l’aspiration au bonheur avec la soumission à l’intérêt général. Il s’agit de l’ouvrage majeur de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, au coeur de sa philosophie.

published on 11-01-2020 - 106 views
l'unique et sa propriété

L'Unique et sa propriété est un essai philosophique antilibéral, œuvre principale de Max Stirner, publié en octobre 1844. Ce recueil de textes est un réquisitoire radical contre toutes les puissances supérieures auxquelles l'individu aliène son « Moi ».

published on 11-01-2020 - 95 views
The Butterfly and the Diving Bell

his is a book which expresses a life philosophy written as an entirely improvisational style not unlike automatic writing of the 19th century. I plugged into a spiritual force Tai Chi masters use (as I am one) to channel chi which is the mystical will of the universe discovered first by the Chinese and is an act of a wounding by God that makes us remember things, remember who we are. Happy reading. Cheers!

published on 10-01-2020 - 126 views
LE RIRE Essai sur la signification du comique

Le Rire : essai sur la signification du comique est un ouvrage du philosophe Henri Bergson paru le 1ᵉʳ mai 1900

published on 09-01-2020 - 106 views
New Arabian Nights

During his residence in London, the accomplished Prince Florizel of Bohemia gained the affection of all classes by the seduction of his manner and by a well-considered generosity. He was a remarkable man even by what was known of him; and that was but a small part of what he actually did. Although of a placid temper in ordinary circumstances, and accustomed to take the world with as much philosophy as any ploughman, the Prince of Bohemia was not without a taste for ways of life more adventurous and eccentric than that to which he was destined by his birth.

published on 08-01-2020 - 157 views
The Warren Buffett Way: The World’s Greatest Investor

“The Warren Buffett Way outlines his career and presents examples of how his investment techniques and methods evolved and the important individu- als in the process. It also details the key investment decisions that produced his unmatched record of performance. Finally, the book contains the think- ing and the philosophy of an investor that consistently made money using the tools available to every citizen no matter what their level of wealth.”

published on 31-12-2019 - 141 views
The Warren Buffett Way: The World’s Greatest Investor

"The Warren Buffett Way" is an exploration of Warren Buffett's investment philosophy and process of picking stocks. By combing through Buffett's trades and his annual letters to Berkshire Hathaway shareholders, author Robert Hagstrom explains Buffett's process to the reader. The book focuses on Buffett's relatively concentrated portfolio at the time, as well as the wholly owned subsidiaries of Berkshire Hathaway, such as See's Candies, Nebraska Furniture Mart and GEICO Insurance. Each holding is analyzed, from fundamental operations of the business to the price and multiple Buffett paid. Throughout the analyses of each holding, Hagstrom extrapolates common themes that reoccur in Buffett's stock-picking; namely, investing in businesses with strong competitive advantages in their industries, as evidenced by high returns on equity and generous free cash flow. Of course, Buffett's performance is not due simply to investing in great companies, but investing when multiples are lower than average, which the author takes care to point out. Hagstrom also intersperses Buffett's own words, gleaned from the annual letters and other published sources, to demonstrate the rationale involved in his investments. Buffett is not dogmatic,however, and Hagstrom notes that many investments, such as in General Dynamics and Freddie Mac, were not made with a long term holding in mind, but rather presented themselves as unique opportunities given the circumstances of their purchases.

published on 26-11-2019 - 587 views
The Philosopher's Toolkit: A Compendium of Philosophical Concepts and Methods

I have read many introductions to philosophy aimed at laymen & this is by far the best I've seen. Everything is explained very clearly, referencing the relevant concepts after each explanation, great book recommendations, even some great online references. This one does just about everything right

published on 19-11-2019 - 271 views
نظام الخطاب

نظام الخطاب لميشيل فوكو نظام الخطاب لميشيل فوكو نظام الخطاب لميشيل فوكو نظام الخطاب لميشيل فوكو

published on 16-11-2019 - 203 views
The Little Book of Stoicism: Timeless Wisdom to Gain Resilience, Confidence, and Calmness

“How long are you going to wait before you demand the best for yourself?” – Epictetus, Stoic philosopher Where can you find joy? Gain strength? How should we face our fears? Deal with the death of a loved one? And what about those reoccurring depressing thoughts? While traditional schooling doesn’t address such questions, it’s exactly what ancient schools of philosophy were all about: They taught you how to live. Even though these schools don’t exist anymore, you and I and most people are in as much need of a philosophy that guides us through life as we ever were. This compelling, highly actionable guide shows you how to deal more effectively with whatever life throws at you and live up to your best self. A mix of timeless wisdom and empowering advice, The Little Book of Stoicism will point the way to anyone seeking a calm and wise life in a chaotic world

published on 16-11-2019 - 293 views
The Philosophy of Psychology

Some of the issues studied by the philosophy of psychology are epistemological concerns about the methodology of psychological investigation. For example: What is the most appropriate methodology for psychology: mentalism, behaviorism, or a compromise? Are self-reports a reliable data-gathering[1] method? What conclusions can be drawn from null hypothesis tests? Can first-person experiences (emotions, desires, beliefs, etc.) be measured objectively?

published on 13-11-2019 - 251 views
Sylvie and Bruno

Sylvie and Bruno has two main plots: one set in the real world at the time the book was published (the Victorian era), the other in the fantasy world of Fairyland. While the latter plot is a fairy tale with many nonsense elements and poems, similar to Carroll's Alice books, the story set in Victorian Britain is a social novel, with its characters discussing various concepts and aspects of religion, society, philosophy and morality.

published on 09-11-2019 - 264 views
What is Enlightenment?

The German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) is a giant in the history of modern philosophy. Several twentieth-century philosophic movements have their origins in Kantian thought, and many issues raised by Kant still retain their importance. For example, in Metaphysical Foundations of Morals (1785), Kant set forth the categorical imperative that remains a crucial principle in moral philosophy. Kant asserted that when confronted with a moral choice, people should ask themselves: "Canst thou also will that thy maxim should be a universal law?" By this, Kant meant that people should ponder whether they would want the moral principle underlying their action to be elevated to a universal law that would govern others in similar circumstances. If they concluded that it should not, then the maxim should be rejected and the action avoided. Kant valued the essential ideals of the Enlightenment and viewed the French Revolution, which put these ideals into law, as the triumph of liberty over despotism. In an essay entitled "What Is Enlightenment?" (1784), he contended that the Enlightenment marked a new way of thinking and eloquently affirmed the Enlightenment's confidence in and commitment to reason.

published on 09-11-2019 - 219 views